The weawing machine or more commonly known as the weaving machine is a piece of equipment that you can use for making weaved projects much quicker and much easier.
Weaving is not some new form of hobby and has been around for centuries and is considered to be one of the oldest crafts around. It fact, it is believed to date back to about 12,000 years ago.
Weaving can be done by hand or by machine and when done by hand the device or machine used for this is called a loom.
The loom has the ability to hold the threads used for warping on the loom with the necessary tension so that the threads can be interwoven according to the pattern or technique being used for the weaving.
There are many different types and styles of looms but they all have to have the basic premise or functionality. There are several important parts to the weawing machine.
- The warp beam
- Harnesses or sometimes called shafts
- Take Up Roll
In order to weave the yarn has to go through a process on the loom as follows…
- Shedding: This requires a section of the warp yarn to be raised, and when it does it forms what is called a shed.
- Picking: Working of the loom causes the harnesses to rise which in turn raises heddles which creates the shedding.
Battening: During this process the yard goes through another frame that exists between the heddles and the take up roll.
In combination with these processes there are two additional ones that are classed as secondary, because as the weave takes place during the process they are wound on a cloth beam.
Using the weawing machine sounds like a very complicated process but once the processes are understood and the different components of working the loom are mastered it really becomes quite easy.